by Larry Smith
It's a sign of the times that strawberries now grow in Greenland, on the Arctic Circle.
Until a few years ago farming was difficult to impossible in this ice-covered landscape because the temperatures did not stay warm long enough. But the times, as they say, are changing.
"There are now huge areas where you can grow things," said Josephine Nymand, a scientist at the Greenland Institute of Natural Resources. Crops now include potatoes, cabbage, strawberries, thyme and tomatoes.
That may be good for a handful of chefs and smallholders in Greenland, but what it means for the future of humanity in general was outlined in the latest global report from hundreds of climate scientists.
The three-part report by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) assessed the current state of the world’s climate based on multiple independent scientific analyses and observations. It also considers the impacts that climate change will have on societies and ecosystems around the world.
The final instalment - released just this month - looks at how the world can cut carbon dioxide emissions to keep atmospheric warming within an agreed safety limit by the end of this century - something which scientists refer to as 'mitigation’. The IPCC doesn't tell decision-makers what to do. Instead, it suggests different potential future scenarios, based on the evidence available.